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Glossary : Starting from B


A primary communication path connecting multiple users.


A range of frequencies between defined upper and lower limits.


The information carrying capacity of a communication channel.

Bar code label

A small label comprised of vertical lines which contain machine-readable data; each item aqcuired by the Library receives a bar code label with a unique number

Bar Code Symbology

A barcode symbology is a class of bar code. For example, Code 39 is a symbology as is UPC. There are more than 300 different barcode symbologies. Each requires different decoding software. However, many modern barcode readers can automatically identify which barcode symbology is being read and switch to the proper decoding program.

Barcode Font

Barcode Fonts are the same as any other Windows font, except they display and print the barcode representation of the text.

Barcode Number

The 14-digit number appearing beneath the barcode found inside the front or back cover of a book.

Barcode Printers

A barcode printer (or bar code printer) is a computer peripheral for printing barcode labels or tags that can be attached to physical objects. Barcode printers are commonly used to label cartons before shipment, or to label retail items with Universal Product Codes.


A measure of data transmission speed. At low speeds, baud is equal to the bits transmitted per second (bps). At higher speeds, one baud can represent more than one bit.

Bibliographic access

The whole apparatus of access to records of all kinds (textual, numerical, visual, musical, oral recorcs, etc. in all kinds of storage media (books, journals, microform, computer storage, disks, Web-based, hypertext, etc. This includes identifying documents, locating documents, and providing physical access to material.

Bibliographic control

The identification and location of items of recorded information, described and listed in an orderly arrangement. The aim is to provide access to the bibliographic universe.

Bibliographic description

The description of a bibliographic item, consisting of information, including title and statement of responsibility, edition, publication and manufacturing, physical description, notes of useful information, and standard numbers, that together uniquely identifies the item.

Bibliographic file

A collection of bibliographic records.

Bibliographic Record

The collection of information about an item, recorded in a standard format and held in a database. In the past, these records were typed onto cards and filed in the card catalog. Today, they are computer records stored in the online catalog.

Bibliographic utility

Organization which maintains an online bibliographic database to support library functions such as cataloging and interlibrary loan (e.g., OCLC, RLIN) Libraries can arrange to access bibliographic records directly or through service centers.


A list of citations for books, articles and other resources on a particular subject. Some are published as books, while others are locally produced lists. The list of references at the end of a research paper is also called a bibliography.


A serial publication issued every two years.

Binary code

A coding system made up of numbers expressed in base-2 notation, using only the digits 0 and 1.


The office in the library where loose, current issues of periodicals are sent when they are ready to be bound together.


A Bibliography with brief biographical information about the author or authors of the works.

Biographical heading

A subject heading used with biographies which consists of the name of a class of persons with appropriate subdivisions (e.g., Physicians--California--Biography; Poets--American--19th century--Biography).


A written account of a person’s life, or some portion of their life


Biometrics are automated methods of recognizing a person based on a physiological or behavioral characteristic. Among the features measured are; face, fingerprints, hand geometry, handwriting, iris, retinal, vein, and voice. Biometric technologies are becoming the foundation of an extensive array of highly secure identification and personal verification solutions


The most basic unit of information on a computer. In accordance with binary code, each bit is designated as either a 1 or a 0; all other information stored on the computer is composed of combinations of bits.


serial publication issued every two weeks (similar to a semi-monthly).

Blanket Order

Library places an order for all publications from a particular publisher or vendor.

Blended learning

Learning events that combine aspects of online and face-to-face instruction.

Blog (Weblog)

An extension of the personal Website consisting of regular journal-like entries posted on a Webpage for public viewing. Blogs usually contain links to other Websites along with the thoughts, comments, and personality of the blog's creator.


A wireless networking technology using radio waves that enables users to send data and voice signals between electronic devices over short distances.


A Webpage link stored in a browser for quick and easy retrieval.

Book Return

A place to return books borrowed from the library. The book return is a box located outside the library, near the door of the library, or near the circulation desk.

Book Truck

A cart used to hold books before they are re-shelved, and then used to carry the books to the shelves for re-shelving.


A method of searching a computerized database which uses the operators "and," "or," and "not" to combine concepts.

Boolean Operators

Commands that allow search terms to be combined to either narrow or broaden a search. Originally developed by the mathematician George Boole in the mid-19th Century. The three basic operators are AND, OR, NOT.

Boolean Searching

A method of combining search terms by expressing the relationship of one concept to another generally using 'and', 'or', 'not'.


A term referring to pages, sheets or issues of periodicals which have been covered by a binding, usually hardback, to create a single Volume. This process is used in libraries to preserve items for long term use.

Bound Periodical

When a full year (or two to three inches worth, whichever comes first) of a periodical is received, the issues are then made into a hard-cover book (bound) and shelved in the stacks. In the OSU Library, bound periodicals are given a call number and shelved with the books.

BPS (bits per second)

A measurement of data transmission speed in a communications system; the number of bits transmitted or received each second.


A device linking two or more sections of a network.


1) In layperson's terms, high speed transmission of data. In this use, the specific speed that defines broadband is subjective; the word often implies any speed above what is commonly used at the time. 2) In technical terms, transmission over a network in which more than one signal is carried at a time. Broadband technology can transmit data, audio, and video all at once over long distances. See also narrowband.


(noun) Television or radio signals designed to reach a mass audience. (Some Websites offer original or redistributed broadcasts--see Webcast.) (verb) 1) To transmit television or radio signals. 2) To email or fax a message to multiple recipients simultaneously; to transmit information simultaneously to everyone on a network.


A browser is a software program that enables you to view World Wide Web documents. Examples of browsers include Netscape, Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mosaic, Macweb, and Netcruiser. OSU's Computer & Information Services (CIS) supports Netscape.

Bulletin Board Service ,BBS

Bulletin Board Service (or Bulletin Board System); the electronic equivalent of a notice board, generally subject-specific. A BBS is a form of electronic mail in which users post messages to a common receiver (the bulletin board) and have access to all messages posted.

Business requirements

The conditions an e-learning solution should meet to align with the needs of such stakeholders as the content developer, subject matter expert, learner, manager, and training administrator.


A combination of 8 bits.

  • Microsoft
  • Nasscom
  • HP Business Partner
  • Android
  • iPhone