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Glossary : Starting from L

LAN (local-area network)

A group of personal computers and/or other devices, such as printers or servers, that are located in a relatively limited area, such as an office, and can communicate and share information with each other.

LCMS (learning content management system)

A software application (or set of applications) that manages the creation, storage, use, and reuse of learning content. LCMSs often store content in granular forms such as learning objects.


A cognitive and/or physical process in which a person assimilates information and temporarily or permanently acquires or improves skills, knowledge, behaviors, and/or attitudes.

Learning environment

The physical or virtual setting in which learning takes place.

Learning object

A reusable, media-independent collection of information used as a modular building block for e-learning content. Learning objects are most effective when organized by a meta data classification system and stored in a data repository such as an LCMS.

Learning objective

A statement establishing a measurable behavioral outcome, used as an advanced organizer to indicate how the learner's acquisition of skills and knowledge is being measured.

Learning platforms

Internal or external sites often organized around tightly focused topics, which contain technologies (ranging from chat rooms to groupware) that enable users to submit and retrieve information.

Learning portal

Any Website that offers learners or organizations consolidated access to learning and training resources from multiple sources. Operators of learning portals are also called content aggregators, distributors, or hosts.

Learning solution

1) Any combination of technology and methodology that delivers learning. 2) Software and/or hardware products that suppliers tout as answers to businesses' training needs.

Learning space

An imaginary geography in which the learning enterprise flourishes. Mapped by market analysts and mined by consultants, this territory is a recent annexation to the business landscape.


A librarian is a person who develops procedures for organizing information and provides services that assist and instruct people in the most efficient ways to identify and access any needed information or information resource (article, book, magazine, etc.). ...


a collection of literary documents or records kept for reference or borrowing

Library Annex

The Library Annex is a storage facility for lesser-used materials from the collections of CUL. Materials held in the Annex can be delivered to any of the libraries on campus or used in the Annex reading room

Library Guide

A research guide or fact sheet published by the Libraries, designed to help users find specialized information and/or learn about the Libraries' resources and services. Both online and printed versions are available.

Library of Congress (LC) Classification System

A call number system that uses a mix of letters and numbers to indicate the topic of an item.

Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)

A set list of subject terms for items in libraries created by the Library of Congress. Most libraries use the LCSH, which makes it easy to find material on the same subject in different libraries

Library Science

The task of Library Science is to organize, index, and abstract the books in a library or documents in a bibliographic InformationRetrieval? system.


In a web page, a location which, when clicked, will move you to a different page. Links are usually marked by text that is a different color and/or underlined. Any place on a web page where the mouse cursor turns into a hand is a link.


Email list management software developed by L-Soft International. See also email list.

Literature Search

A systematic and exhaustive search for published material on a specific topic.

LMS (learning management system)

Software that automates the administration of training. The LMS registers users, tracks courses in a catalog, records data from learners; and provides reports to management. An LMS is typically designed to handle courses by multiple publishers and providers. It usually doesn't include its own authoring capabilities; instead, it focuses on managing courses created by a variety of other sources.

Loan Period

The amount of time a patron may borrow a book or other item from the library. The time varies depending on the type of material borrowed and the status of the borrower.


The tailoring of an offering to meet the specific needs of a geographic area, product, or target audience.


The account name used to gain access to a computer system. The act of entering into a computer system.

Log in/Log on

To establish a connection over a network or modem with a remote computer to retrieve or exchange information.

Long Loan

Used in Library Catalogue records to indicate Long Loan books, which can be borrowed for 4 weeks.

Log off

To terminate a connection to a computer or network.

Looseleaf Services

Materials housed in binders that allow easy removal and insertion of individual pages. This format facilitates updating and supplementation that is usually included in a subscription. The advantage is that the library is receiving current information; the disadvantage is the high cost of purchasing and maintaining the sets

Lower-Priority Titles

Journals deemed less important to faculty and students than others, as determined by the journals review.

LSP (learning service provider)

A specialized ASP offering learning management and training delivery software on a hosted or rental basis.


Microsoft's Learning Resource Interchange, a format that gives content creators a standard way to identify, share, update, and create online content and courseware. LRN is the first commercial application of the IMS Content Packaging Specification.


Reading the postings in a discussion forum or on a listserv but not contributing to the discussion.

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