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Glossary : Starting from I

IEEE (The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)

An organization whose Learning Technology Standards Committee is working to develop technical standards, recommended practices, and guides for computer implementations of education and training systems.


Interactive Fiction

ILS (integrated learning system)

A complete software, hardware, and network system used for instruction. In addition to providing curriculum and lessons organized by level, an ILS usually includes a number of tools such as assessments, record keeping, report writing, and user information files that help to identify learning needs, monitor progress, and maintain student records.

ILT (instructor-led training)

Usually refers to traditional classroom training, in which an instructor teaches a course to a room of learners. The term is used synonymously with on-site training and classroom training (c-learning).

IMS (Instructional Management System) Global Learning Consortium

Coalition of government organizations dedicated to defining and distributing open architecture interoperability specifications for e-learning products. See the IMS Website.

In Transit

If an item has been returned to the library, but has not been re-shelved in its call number location, the catalog will indicate the items status as In Transit.


Indian National Digital Library Consortia in Engineering Science and Technology


A research tool that lets you find information in periodicals, books and conference proceedings. Some indexes are general, pointing at information in a wide variety of sources, while others only look at the literature in one subject area. Indexes can be electronic or paper. Systematic guide to the contents of a file, document, or group of documents

Information architecture

A description or design specification for how information should be treated and organized. In Web design, the term describes the the organization of online content into categories and the creation of an interface for displaying those categories.

Information Literacy

The ability to recognize a need for information, find, evaluate and use that information in whatever format (print index, online database, Internet, etc.) it appears.


The underlying mechanism or framework of a system. In e-learning, the infrastructure includes the means by which voice, video, and data can be transferred from one site to another and be processed.

Instant messenger (IM)

Software that lists users' selected "buddies" (friends, family, co-workers, and so forth) who are online and enables users to send short text messages back and forth to them. Some instant messenger programs also include voice chat, file transfer, and other applications.

Institutional Repository

An Institutional Repository is an online locus for collecting and preserving in digital format the intellectual output of a research institution. (Source: Wikipedia)

Instructional designer (ID)

An individual who applies a systematic methodology based on instructional theory to create content for learning.

Intellectual property

Intellectual property refers to creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works, and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce. Intellectual property is divided into two categories: Industrial property, which includes inventions (patents), trademarks, industrial designs, and geographic indications of source; and Copyright, which includes literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs.

Intercampus loan

The process of having an item brought in from another campus. In the library catalogue use the Send a request, Hold function.


Combining hardware, software (and, in e-learning, content) components together to work as an interoperable system. The process of integration may also include front-end planning and strategy.

Interactive media

Allows for a two-way interaction or exchange of information.


An international network first used to connect education and research networks, begun by the US government. The Internet now provides communication and application services to an international base of businesses, consumers, educational institutions, governments, and research organizations.

Internet-based training

Training delivered primarily by TCP/IP network technologies such as email, newsgroups, proprietary applications, and so forth. Although the term is often used synonymously with Web-based training, Internet-based training is not necessarily delivered over the World Wide Web, and may not use the HTTP and HTML technologies that make Web-based training possible.

Internet Explorer

Browser software that enables users to view Webpages.

Interlibrary Loan

Interlibrary loan is a form of resource sharing among libraries nation- and world-wide.

Interlibrary Loan (ILL)

A service which allows you to use books and other materials not owned by your library.


The ability of hardware or software components to work together effectively.


A LAN or WAN that's owned by a company and is only accessible to people working internally. It is protected from outside intrusion by a combination of firewalls and other security measures.

IP (Internet Protocol)

The international standard for addressing and sending data via the Internet.

IP multicast

Using the Internet Protocol, delivery of a learning event over a network from a single source to multiple participants.

Intellectual Property Right

International Standard Book Number. A unique 10-digit code assigned to a specific edition of a book before it is published.

ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)

A telecommunications standard enabling communications channels to carry voice, video, and data simultaneously.

ISO (International Organization for Standardization)

An international federation of national standards bodies. See the ISO Website.


International Standard Serial Number. A unique 8-digit code assigned to the specific title of a serial. ISSN: International Standard Serial Number: An internationally agreed on standard number that identifies a serial publication uniquely

ITFS (Instructional Television Fixed Service)

Microwave-based, high-frequency television used in educational program delivery.

IT training

A combination of desktop training and information systems and technical training. Includes training in areas such as system infrastructure software, application software, and application development tools.

  • Microsoft
  • Nasscom
  • HP Business Partner
  • Android
  • iPhone